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Plasmonic quantum size effects in silver nanoparticles are dominated by interfaces and local environments


The physical properties of metals change when their dimensions are reduced to the nano-scale and new phenomena such as the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) appear. This collective electronic excitation can be tuned over a large spectral range by adapting the material, size and shape. The existing literature is as rich as it is controversial—for example, size-dependent spectral shifts of the LSPR in small metal nanoparticles, induced by quantum effects, are reported to the red, to the blue or entirely absent. Here we report how complementary experiments on size-selected small silver nanoparticles embedded in silica can yield inconsistent results on the same system: whereas optical absorption shows no size effect in the range between only a few atoms and ~10 nm, a clear spectral shift is observed in single-particle electron spectroscopy. Our quantitative interpretation, based on a mixed classical/quantum model, resolves the apparent contradictions, not only within our experimental data but also in the literature. Our comprehensive model describes how the local environment is the crucial parameter controlling the manifestation or absence of quantum size effects. Read more »

Self-hybridization within non-Hermitian localized plasmonic systems

Figure 1 : Left : Energy variation of two modes of silver nano-daggers as a function of the vertical arm length L. A clear anti-

In a recent paper published in Nature Physics, we show that electron energy loss spectroscopy in a scanning transmission electron microscope reveals the possibility for two eigenmodes from the same nanoparticle to hybridize – a physical effect that cannot be observed in day-to-day (Hermitian) linear physics Read more »


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