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Probing Plasmon-NV0 Coupling at the Nanometer Scale with Photons and Fast Electrons

NV - Ag nanocube coupling

The local density of optical states governs an emitters’ lifetime and quantum yield through the Purcell effect. It can be modified by a surface plasmon electromagnetic field, but such a field has a spatial extension limited to a few hundreds of nanometers, complicating the use of optical methods to spatially probe emitter–plasmon coupling. Here we show that a combination of electron-based imaging, spectroscopies, and photon-based correlation spectroscopy enables measurement of the Purcell effect with nanometer and nanosecond spatiotemporal resolutions. Due to the large variability of radiative lifetimes of emitters in nanoparticles we relied on a statistical approach to probe the coupling between nitrogen-vacancy centers in nanodiamonds and surface plasmons in silver nanocubes. We quantified the Purcell effect by measuring the nitrogen-vacancy excited state lifetimes in a large number of either isolated nanodiamonds or nanodiamond-nanocube dimers and demonstrated a significant lifetime reduction for dimers.


Lourenço-Martins, Hugo; Kociak, Mathieu; Meuret, Sophie; Treussart, François; Lee, Yih Hong; Ling, Xing Yi; Chang, Huan-Cheng; Tizei, Luiz H.G., ACS Photonics (2017)