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Cathodoluminescence

Scientific highlights

Probing Plasmon-NV0 Coupling at the Nanometer Scale with Photons and Fast Electrons

NV - Ag nanocube coupling

The local density of optical states governs an emitters’ lifetime and quantum yield through the Purcell effect. It can be modified by a surface plasmon electromagnetic field, but such a field has a spatial extension limited to a few hundreds of nanometers, complicating the use of optical methods to spatially probe emitter–plasmon coupling. Here we show that a combination of electron-based imaging, spectroscopies, and photon-based correlation spectroscopy enables measurement of the Purcell effect with nanometer and nanosecond spatiotemporal resolutions. Due to the large variability of radiative lifetimes of emitters in nanoparticles we relied on a statistical approach to probe the coupling between nitrogen-vacancy centers in nanodiamonds and surface plasmons in silver nanocubes. We quantified the Purcell effect by measuring the nitrogen-vacancy excited state lifetimes in a large number of either isolated nanodiamonds or nanodiamond-nanocube dimers and demonstrated a significant lifetime reduction for dimers.

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Point Defects in h-BN as efficient UV quantum emitters

BN-SPE-LPS-highlight.png

Single photons sources (SPS) play a central role in the experimental foundation of quantum computing. Currently, there is a large scientific effort in identifying new bright and stable single-photon emission sources, with the aim of extending the spectral range achievable by quantum emitters. In the last years low dimensional layered semiconductors appeared as new promising optical materials and low energy SPS have been identified in transition metal dichalcogenides. In this work, thanks to a newly developed optical set-up integrated in a scanning transmission electron microscope, we have identified a new very bright UV single photon emitter in hexagonal boron nitride. Read more »

Publications

Tizei, L.H.G. & Kociak, M. Advances in Imaging and Electron PhysicsQuantum Nanooptics in the Electron Microscope. (2017).doi:10.1016/bs.aiep.2017.01.002 Download: Tizei_Kociak_AIE.pdf (3.49 MB)
Kociak, M. & Zagonel, L.F. Cathodoluminescence in the scanning transmission electron microscope. Ultramicroscopy 176, 112-131 (2017). Download: STEMCL_8.pdf (2.43 MB)
Meuret, S., et al. Lifetime Measurements Well below the Optical Diffraction Limit. ACS Photonics (2016).doi:10.1021/acsphotonics.6b00212 Download: ph500141j.pdf (7.44 MB)
Zhang, X., et al. InGaN nanowires with high InN molar fraction: growth, structural and optical properties. Nanotechnology 27, 195704 (2016). Download: nano_27_19_195704.pdf (2.66 MB)
Losquin, A. & Kociak, M. Link between Cathodoluminescence and Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy and the radiative and full ElectroMagnetic Local Density of States. ACS Photonics 151006180224009 (2015).doi:10.1021/acsphotonics.5b00416 Download: acsphotonics2E5b00416.pdf (1.76 MB)
Meuret, S., et al. Photon Bunching in Cathodoluminescence. Physical Review Letters 114, (2015). Download: PhysRevLett.114.197401.pdf (1.03 MB)
Tizei, L.H.G., et al. A polarity-driven nanometric luminescence asymmetry in AlN/GaN heterostructures. Applied Physics Letters 105, 143106 (2014). Download: Tizei_GaNQWCLAsymmetry_APL_2014.pdf (1.74 MB)
Bourrellier, R., et al. Nanometric Resolved Luminescence in h-BN Flakes: Excitons and Stacking Order. ACS Photonics 1, (2014). Download: bourrellier-acs-photonics.pdf (7.37 MB)
Kociak, M., et al. Seeing and measuring in colours: Electron microscopy and spectroscopies applied to nano-optics. Comptes Rendus Physique 15, 158 - 175 (2014). Download: 1-s2.0-S1631070513001515-main.pdf (2.66 MB)
Kociak, M. & Stéphan, O. Mapping plasmons at the nanometer scale in an electron microscope. Chemical Society Reviews (2014).doi:10.1039/c3cs60478k Download: Chem. Soc. Rev. 2014 Kociak.pdf (2.86 MB)
Tizei, L.H.G., et al. Spatial modulation of above-the-gap cathodoluminescence in InP nanowires. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 25, 505303 (2013). Download: Tizei2013_2.pdf (613.65 KB)
Mahfoud, Z., et al. Cathodoluminescence in a Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope: A Nanometer-Scale Counterpart of Photoluminescence for the Study of II–VI Quantum Dots. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 4090 - 4094 (2013).doi:10.1021/jz402233x Download: Mahfoud2013.pdf (2.4 MB)
Pierret, A., et al. Structural and optical properties of Al x Ga 1- x N nanowires. physica status solidi (RRL) - Rapid Research Letters n/a - n/a (2013).doi:10.1002/pssr.201308009
Tizei, L.H.G. & Kociak, M. Spatially Resolved Quantum Nano-Optics of Single Photons Using an Electron Microscope. Physical Review Letters 110, (2013). Download: TizeiPRL2013.pdf (2.37 MB)
Zagonel, L.F., et al. Visualizing highly localized luminescence in GaN/AlN heterostructures in nanowires. Nanotechnology 23, 455205 (2012). Download: Zagonel_Nanotech.pdf (1.21 MB)
Tourbot, G., et al. Growth mechanism and properties of InGaN insertions in GaN nanowires. Nanotechnology 23, 135703 (2012). Download: Nanotechnology 2012 Tourbot.pdf (802.75 KB)
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