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Quantum Optics

Scientific highlights

Point Defects in h-BN as efficient UV quantum emitters

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Single photons sources (SPS) play a central role in the experimental foundation of quantum computing. Currently, there is a large scientific effort in identifying new bright and stable single-photon emission sources, with the aim of extending the spectral range achievable by quantum emitters. In the last years low dimensional layered semiconductors appeared as new promising optical materials and low energy SPS have been identified in transition metal dichalcogenides. In this work, thanks to a newly developed optical set-up integrated in a scanning transmission electron microscope, we have identified a new very bright UV single photon emitter in hexagonal boron nitride. Read more »

Photon Bunching in Cathodoluminescence

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We have measured the second order correlation function g(2)(t) of the cathodoluminescence intensity resulting from the excitation by fast electrons of defect centers in wide band-gap semiconductor nanocrystals of diamond and hexagonal boron nitride. We show that the cathodoluminescence second order correlation function g(2)(t) of multiple defect centers is dominated by a large, nanosecond zero-delay bunching (g(2)(0)>30), in stark contrast to their flat photoluminescence g(2)(t) function. We have developed a model showing that this bunching can be attributed to the synchronized emission from several defect centers excited by the same electron through the deexcitation of a bulk plasmon into few electron-hole pairs.

Recently published in S. Meuret et al Phys. Rev. Lett. 114 197401 (2015)

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Publications

Tizei, L.H.G. & Kociak, M. Advances in Imaging and Electron PhysicsQuantum Nanooptics in the Electron Microscope. (2017).doi:10.1016/bs.aiep.2017.01.002 Download: Tizei_Kociak_AIE.pdf (3.49 MB)
Kociak, M. & Zagonel, L.F. Cathodoluminescence in the scanning transmission electron microscope. Ultramicroscopy 176, 112-131 (2017). Download: STEMCL_8.pdf (2.43 MB)
Meuret, S., et al. Photon Bunching in Cathodoluminescence. Physical Review Letters 114, (2015). Download: PhysRevLett.114.197401.pdf (1.03 MB)
Kociak, M., et al. Seeing and measuring in colours: Electron microscopy and spectroscopies applied to nano-optics. Comptes Rendus Physique 15, 158 - 175 (2014). Download: 1-s2.0-S1631070513001515-main.pdf (2.66 MB)
Tizei, L.H.G. & Kociak, M. Spatially Resolved Quantum Nano-Optics of Single Photons Using an Electron Microscope. Physical Review Letters 110, (2013). Download: TizeiPRL2013.pdf (2.37 MB)
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