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Plasmonic quantum size effects in silver nanoparticles are dominated by interfaces and local environments


The physical properties of metals change when their dimensions are reduced to the nano-scale and new phenomena such as the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) appear. This collective electronic excitation can be tuned over a large spectral range by adapting the material, size and shape. The existing literature is as rich as it is controversial—for example, size-dependent spectral shifts of the LSPR in small metal nanoparticles, induced by quantum effects, are reported to the red, to the blue or entirely absent. Here we report how complementary experiments on size-selected small silver nanoparticles embedded in silica can yield inconsistent results on the same system: whereas optical absorption shows no size effect in the range between only a few atoms and ~10 nm, a clear spectral shift is observed in single-particle electron spectroscopy. Our quantitative interpretation, based on a mixed classical/quantum model, resolves the apparent contradictions, not only within our experimental data but also in the literature. Our comprehensive model describes how the local environment is the crucial parameter controlling the manifestation or absence of quantum size effects. Read more »

Optical gap and optically active intragap defects in cubic BN


Studies on the optical properties of cubic BN are generally hindered by the very high density of crystal defects. Thus, the precise value of its optical gap is still debated, with large discrepancies between reported theoretical and experimental estimated values. In this study we addressed open questions of the cubic BN optics by employing high spatially resolved spectroscopy techniques to the highest-quality samples available and combining these observations with state-of-the-art quasiparticle calculations.

Phys. Rev. B 98, 094106 (2018)


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